Ultrasound-Guided Foam Sclerotherapy Foam is used to treat varicose veins and involves an injection made of sclerosant medication in foam form to seal veins off. This is usually used in addition to an endovenous procedure for more tortuous veins or where a catheter-based treatment is not anatomically possible.
Phlebectomy refers to the removal of varicose veins. This is done for the visible branch varicosities on the legs, and is also usually an adjunctive procedure to an endovenous procedure. These veins are removed through tiny incision made in the leg.
As with any procedure, there is a risk of complications. These are very uncommon and if they do occur, they are usually temporary.
The following complications have been reported:
- Deep Vein Thrombosis – This is probably the most significant complication and requires active treatment, should it occur.
- Bruising along the inner-thigh
- Numbness / pain along the inner thigh
- Heat injury along the inner thigh
- Pigmentation along the inner thigh
- Thrombophlebitis (inflammation or redness of the vein)
Although varicose veins surgery can have excellent results in terms of symptoms improvement, wound healing and aesthetic appearance, there is the risk of recurrence and new veins may develop over time. Veins are not curative ( only problematic veins are removed out of the circulation), and vein health thus needs to be maintained.